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    1、2006年4月自学考试英语(二) PART ONE (50 POINTS)   I.Vocabulary and Structure (10 points, 1point each)   1. It would be better to make a decision now, ______ leave it until next week.   A. other than B. rather than C. less than D. more than   2. We‘ll inform you as soon as tickets become ______.   A. valuable B. capable C. accept。

    2、able D. available   3. The foreign company has been______ running this factory for decades.   A. enormously B. effectively C. infinitely D. extremely   4. If you ______ my advice, you wouldn‘t be in such trouble now.   A. took B. takes C. has taken D. had taken   5. The meeting ______, we left the room quickly for dinn。

    3、er.   A. over B. was over C. is over D. been over   6. All the money ______, Frederick started looking for work.   A. having spent B. has been spent C. having been spent D. had been spent   7. ______ his talk when Mary ran out of the lecture hall.   A. Hardly had be begun B. Hardly he had begun   C. Hardly he has begun。

    4、 D. He hardly had begun   8. The two sisters are _____ in many ways, not only in appearance but also in temperament.   A. like B. likely C. alike D. lively   9. The purpose of the program is to provide training for employees so that they can work ______.   A. late B. later C. lately D. latest   10. I hope my boy friend。

    5、 will be handsome, strong and ______ kind.   A. above all B. in all C. at all D. after all   II. Cloze Test (10 points, 1 point each)   However careful one may be, he cannot possibly listen carefully to everything that he hears. There are 11 of reasons for this. One of them is the overload of messages most of us 12 eac。

    6、h day. In addition to the numerous hours we 13 hearing other people speak, we may spend several hours listening to the radio or sitting in front of a television set. 14, it is impossible to focus our attention completely on what is said; our mind might be 15 elsewhere. Preoccupation with our personal concerns is 16 rea。

    7、son we don‘t always listen carefully. A romance 17 sour or a good grade on a test may take prominence in our mind even as 18 is speaking to us. Furthermore, we are surrounded by all kinds of noises which interfere 19 listening. For example, voices at a party or 20 of traffic may simply make it difficult for us to catch。

    8、 everything that is being said.   11. A. the number B. a number C. number D. numbers   12. A. accept B. obtain C. receive D. possess   13. A. put B. consume C. spend D. spare   14. A. Besides B. Whereas C. Otherwise D. Nevertheless   15. A. wondering B. swinging C. recycling D. wandering   16. A. other B. some C. the o。

    9、ther D. another   17. A. gone B. going C. goes D. went   18. A. anyone B. everyone C. someone D. few   19. A. to B. with C. of D. about   20. A. sound B. noise C. voice D. scream   III. Reading Comprehension (30 points, 2 points each)   Passage One   Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.   Many of toda。

    10、y‘s most trusted sales techniques were invented over a century ago by a young merchant named Eaton in Toronto. When he was young, Eaton worked briefly with his brothers in small-town stores. In 1869, he sep up his own shop in downtown Toronto. He had many competitors, but he was also ambitious and had a plan for succes。

    11、s. He offered a unique style of trade, but as was expected, all the other shopkeepers laughed at him, believing he would eventually fail. However, Eaton was not a man to be easily defeated; he came up with a brand new notion of business – “Goods satisfactory, or money refunded.” He sold all his goods at fixed prices an。

    12、d only for cash.   With a sharp sense of what the public wanted, he went out of the way to meet their needs. His business grew rapidly. He set up new branches and started mail order service that allowed people to buy from a list of his goods.   Eaton‘s list—advertisements of his day—was the first of its kind. It was di。

    13、stributed and read all over the country. It was the only way to access good-quality goods at reasonable prices for people living far away from big cites. It became part of their life. They even called it The Wishing Book. The secret of the list’s success was that Eaton gained the respect of this customers; they trusted。

    14、 him for good prices and quality goods. Probably because he remembered his miserable early days in Ireland, Eaton thought much of the welfare of his employees: better working conditions, shorter weekday hours than his competitors and Saturday afternoons off in the summer. In all this, he was a leader.   21. The best de。

    15、scription of Eaton is that ______.   A. he was the richest merchant in Toronto   B. he was a successful technical inventor   C. he introduced new sales practices   D. he changed people‘s ideas about businessmen   22. Eaton‘s success lay primarily in that ____.   A. he sold only good quality goods   B. he was the first 。

    16、person to provide good service   C. he treated his employees better than any of his competitors   D. he won respect from his customers   23. From the passage we can infer that ______.   A. Eaton invented the idea of the internet shopping   B. Eaton drove other businessmen to failure   C. Eaton never sold his goods on c。

    17、redit   D. Eaton was defeated by his rivals   24. The best title for this passage is _____.   A. Good Goods, of Money Refunded   B. Eaton, a Sales Inventor   C. Customers‘ Respect, a Secret of Success   D. Eaton‘s list, a Welcome Event in Sales History   25. Eaton‘s List was important to people on farms because it was 。

    18、a convenient way of getting _____.   A. good-quality goods at reasonable prices   B. goods at unreasonable prices   C. good-quality goods at unreasonable prices   D. poor-quality goods at reasonable prices   Passage Two   Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.   The threat of a global outbreak (疾病大爆发) o。

    19、f bird flu makes it urgent for the international community to cooperate effectively. Wealthy countries will have to provide hundreds of millions of dollars for the testing and production of medicines necessary for treating patients suffering from bird flu. Developing countries, particularly in Southeast Asia, where the。

    20、 bird flu virus (病毒) has spread since 1997, must work out special programs so that farmers will not hide sighs of possible outbreaks. In addition, the way such farm birds as chickens and ducks are traditionally raised and marketed in the developing world should be changed; there should be more distance between the bird。

    21、s and their keepers. Countries should deal with the disease with joint effort. If one country is inadequately prepared, it will be a threat to every other country.   The potential effects of a national outbreak of bird flu are enormous. Firstly, an outbreak may kill large numbers of people. World Health Organization (W。

    22、HO) estimates that an outbreak similar to the mild Hong Kong flu of 1968 could kill as many as 7.4 millions people. If it were as dangerous as the 1918 Spanish flu, which killed 50 million, the number would be much higher. Secondly, such an outbreak may cause great financial damage. The latest outbreak of bird flu, whi。

    23、ch began in December 2003, has cost Southeast Asia more than $10 billion and depressed its GDP by 1.5 percent. If a new outbreak of bird flu were to last for a whole year, $800 billion would be lost.   Despite the 124 human cases and 63 deaths from bird flu since December 2003, the virus remains mainly a disease animal。

    24、s. However, the more animals that die of the disease, the more chances it has of spreading to people. Large numbers of dead or dying birds mean that more people will be exposed to the virus and change into a virus with new characteristics. If the international community works together efficiently, man can surely preven。

    25、t such a virus and possibly save millions of lives.   26. Faced with the threat of a global outbreak of bird flu, the international community should ________.   A. establish new markets   B. work together effectively   C. stop birds from flying to other countries   D. raise fewer chickens and ducks   27. The second par。

    26、agraph focuses on ______.   A. World Health Organization   B. flus in Hong Kong and Spain   C. the economy of Southeast Asia   D. possible effects of a bird flu outbreak   28. The number of people who have died of bird flu since 2003 is _______.   A. 63 B. 124 C. 7.4 million D. 50 million   29. In the third paragra。

    27、ph, the author is mainly interested in _____.   A. stimulating financial growth B. reducing economic damages   C. saving human lives D. protecting bird species   30. The passage deals with all the following aspects bird flu EXCEPT _______.   A. the origin and history of bird flu   B. the importance of internatio。

    28、nal cooperation   C. the possible dangers of a national outbreak   D. the significance of preventing it from spreading   Passage Three   Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.   The long summer holidays are finally over and some parents are pleased. “We worry more about their safety in the holidays,” ex。

    29、plains one mother from North London. If teenagers are not wandering around on public transport in a big and potentially dangerous city, they are chatting to strangers in an internet chat room! Well, that‘s an extreme picture of the UK today, but many parents are worried about how much freedom they can give their childr。

    30、en during the holidays and at weekends.   Weekends are not the only time to worry! Newspaper are full of stories about too many school kids going to school by car because their parents do not want them to travel alone on a bus or train. This summer there were more frightening stories of teenagers disappearing with questionable friends that they met on the net. All the Media stories help increase parents fears, but is the UK really so dangerous?   Many young people feel that life for their parents was easier. In the 1960s young people played in the streets more and traveled around town without their parents。

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