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虚拟语气用法总结超详细课件.ppt

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    虚拟语气用法总结超详细课件.ppt

    1、虚 拟 语 气,概念: 虚拟语气:表示说话人所说的不是事实,而是一种愿望、假设、或推测。,一、虚拟语气在 if非真实条件句中,过去式 be --were,should / would/ could / might + do,had done,should / would/ could / might + have done,过去式(be--were) should do were to do,should / would/ could / might + do,,If you had studied hard before, you would have passed the exam. (过去虚拟),1.如果我是你,我会接受他。

    2、的建议(现在虚拟),2.如果明天下雨,我会待在家里。(将来虚拟),3.如果你以前好好学习, 你会通过考试的。,If I were you, I would accept his advice.,If it rained(should rain/were to rain )tomorrow, I would stay at home.,You didn’t let me drive. If we ______ in turn, you ______ so tired. drove; didn’t get drove; wouldn’t get were driving; wouldn’t get had driven; wouldn’。

    3、t have got,1. if从句中, 省略if,were,had,should可以放在句首,(用于倒装结构),否定词not不能放在前面。,1.If I were you, I would accept his advice.,2.If it should rain tomorrow, I would stay at home.,3.If you had studied hard before, you would have passed the exam.,Had you studied hard before,……,Were I you,……,Should it rain tomorrow,…….,________ it ra。

    4、in tomorrow, we would have to put off the visit to the Yang Pu Bridge. Were B. Should C.Would D. Will,If it should rain tomorrow (省略if,用部分倒装),2.错综时间虚拟语气 当从句与主句时间不一致时,动词的形式要根据它所表示的时间作出相应的调整。 If you ____________(follow)my advice just now, you _________(be)better now. If you __________(study)hard befo。

    5、re, you _______(be)a college student now.,had followed,would be,had studied,would be,If you ______ with George earlier, you _____ so angry now. talked; would not be had talked; would not be would talk; would not be had talked; would not have been,If we had taken such effective measures much earlier, the river _____ so 。

    6、seriously now. is not polluted would not be polluted had not been polluted would not have been polluted,3、含蓄虚拟语气 在虚拟语气中,并不总是出现if引导的条件句,而通过其它手段来代替条件句。 常用的有otherwise ,or ,without,but for(倘没有,要不是)等。,1.I was ill that day. Otherwise, I would have taken part in the sports meeting. =If I hadn’t been ill that day, I would have。

    7、 taken part in the sports meeting.,2.He telephoned to inform me of your birthday, or I would have known nothing about it.,3.Without / But for your help, we couldn’t have finished the work ahead of time. =If it had not been for your help, …,Without electricity, human being life ______ quite different today. is will be w。

    8、ould have been would be,But for his help, I ______. should not have succeeded have not succeeded did not succeed had not succeeded,He hesitated for a moment before kicking the ball, otherwise he _____ a goal. had scored scored would score would have scored,It is strange that_______________________. 他居然会这样说,真是奇怪。 It is 。

    9、necessary that___________________________. 有必要派他去北京。,二、虚拟语气在主语从句中的使用 1,It’s necessary/strange/natural/important/ impossible …that 主语+(should)+动词原形,he ( should ) say so,he be sent to Beijing,2.It is a pity /a shame/ a surprise/ no wonder that 主语+(should)+V原形,It is a great pity that___________________. 他居然会这样想,真是一件憾事。,h。

    10、e ( should ) think so,3.It is/was suggested /ordered / demanded / proposed / (1234)+that +主语+(should)+V原形 It’s suggested that the plan should be carried out. It is suggested that______________________ _____________________. 有人建议,晚会周六举行。,the party (should)be,held on Saturday,一个坚持 insisted,两道命令 ordered, commanded,三条建议 ad。

    11、vised, suggested, proposed,四点要求 demanded, required, requested, desired,It is required that you ____ at six. will arrive B. arrive C. arrived D. would arrive 2.It is strange that the lazy boy _____ pass the exam. A. has B. should C. would D. might,3. It is necessary that our drinking water 。

    12、_____ cleaner. A. should be made B. is made C. would be made D. was made,三.虚拟语气在宾语从句中的使用 1.在wish 引导的宾语从句中,过去时(were),过去完成时、 had+done could have done,Should/would/could/might+动词原形,I wish (that)he________________(visit) us tomorrow. I wish (that) he_________(visit)us today. I wish he____________________________。

    13、(visit) us yesterday.,would visit,visited,had visited,I wish I _____ the meeting last week. A. could attend B. attended C. have attended D. had attended,2.在表示坚持,要求,命令,建议的宾语从句中,一个坚持 ______________ 两个命令 ______________ 三个建议 __________________________ 四个要求 __________________________,+that 主语+( should )+ V原形 The doc。

    14、tor suggested that he (should) try (try)to lose his weight. He insisted that we (should) tell ( tell)him the news.,insist,order, command,advise, suggest, propose,demand, require, request, desire,注意: suggest:表明,暗示 陈述语气 建议 虚拟语气 Her pale face suggested that she _____(be)ill . Her friends suggested that she _________。

    15、_______(send) to hospital immediately. Insist:坚持说, 陈述语气 坚持要求 虚拟语气 He insisted that he ____________(not steal) the money . He insisted that he _____________ (set) free.,was,(should) be sent,hadn’t stolen,(should) be set,3.在 would rather 宁愿 would prefer would sooner +宾语从句中 had rather would as soon 与现在或将来事实相反。

    16、 过去时 动词过去式/were 与过去事实相反 过去完成时 had done I would rather you ______(come) here now. I would rather you ______(come) here tomorrow. I would rather you __________ (not tell)me the truth yesterday.,came,hadn’t told,came,,四、虚拟语气的其他用法 1. as if / as though(好像)+从句(与wish一样) if only(要是……就好了),,If only I _____ (be)a bird 。

    17、If only you _____________ (listen)to our advice! If only I __________ (be)a superstar some day. He looks as if he _________an artist. He talked about the accident as if he _______it.,were,had listened,would be,were,had seen,2.It is (high / about) time+ (that)从句 动词过去式 should(不可省略) + do 该是某人做某事的时候了。 It is high time tha。

    18、t you got up/should get up.,,I’m getting tired; it’s time we _____ home. A. go B. are going C. went D. should be going,3、在for fear that, in case, lest引导的从句中,若用虚拟语气时,从句谓语为:(should) + do。并且should能省略(for fear that,lest),in case不能省略 She examined the door again for fear that a thief __________ (com。

    19、e) in. 她又把门检查了一遍,以防盗贼的进入。 He started out earlier lest he ________ (be) late. 他早早的就出发了以防迟到。,(should) come,(should) be,4、在so that / in order that 所引导的目的状语从句中,从句中的谓语为: may (might) can (could) + do should He goes closer to the speaker so that he _______him clearer. (hear) 他走近说话的人以便能听得更清楚。 He read the letter carefully in 。

    20、order that he ___________ a word. (miss) 他把信读得很仔细以便不漏掉一个字。,can hear,should not miss,,5. 用于“May + 主语+ 动词原形+其他” May you have a long and happy life ! 祝您快乐长寿! May you make greater progress! 祝你取得更大进步! 6. supposing / providing 假如, 如果 even if / even through 即使 的虚拟与 if 相同,,7.情态动词+ have done (1) could/might have done 表示过去 本来可以(能够)做某事,但实际上没有做到。,(2) should (ought to) have done “本应该……”,表示过去应该做而没做 (3) needn’t have done 必要做某事,但实际做了,8.(1234)名词后定语从句--陈述语气 同位、表语从句—虚拟语气,,结束啦!,。

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