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    2020-2021学年湖北省新高考联考协作体高二(下)期中英语试卷(附答案详解)

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    2020-2021学年湖北省新高考联考协作体高二(下)期中英语试卷(附答案详解)

    2020-2021学年湖北省新高考联考协作体高二(下)期中英语试卷一、阅读理解(本大题共15小题,共37.5分)ASEED Madagascar Volunteer Whether your passion is sustainable community development or vital conservation work, we can offer you an unforgettable experience. No particular skills are required to volunteer in a short term with us and training is given locally, but if you do have particular experience in areas relevant to your program, all the better! Who its for High schoolers, university and college students, corporate team building groups are all welcome. At a glance Program length: 2-4 weeks Start dates: flexible, please discuss with our team Group size: 10-30 participants Activities: construction / conservation / English teaching-combined as required Location: Saint Luce, Anosy region, Southeast Madagascar Whats included Transport costs for the duration of the program from Day I collection at Fort Dauphin airport to drop-off at the programs end Use of our beautiful campsites and facilities All meals while on program(Optional meals out at Fort Dauphin restaurants are extra.) Full training for building and construction tasks and conservation field research techniques Malagasy language lessons Additional costs3 International flights(return from the UK) 680- 1,000Internal flights (return-from Antananarivo to Fort Dauphin) 280- 400Comprehensive travel insurance 60- 1500Tourist visa 20Medical preparations 30- 80Personal equipment 0- 100Get started Contact us today via our online form: Online enquiry form1. What should you bear in mind if you want to apply for SEED Madagascar Volunteer? _ A. It lasts for four weeks.B. It doesnt have fixed start dates.C. It requires relevant experience.D. It is intended for high school students.2. Which of the following is provided without extra charge? _ A. Comprehensive travel insurance.B. Conservation field research techniques.C. Short-term training for different languages.D. Transport from Antananarivo to Fort Dauphin.3. How much do two participants pay for the International flights at least? _ A. 560.B. 680.C. 1,360.D. 2,000.BHave you ever had the feeling that you cant think when there is too much noise around? Did you ever think a fish could experience that feeling too? A recent paper published in Science titled "Soundscape(声景)of the Anthropocene Oceans", combined over 10,000 scientific papers, confirming that undersea life knows that exact same feeling, more often than not. Anthropogenic(人为的)ocean noise, also known as underwater noise pollution, has created a dramatic impact on marine life due to "human-caused" activity within and neighboring our oceans. Disney Pixars animated film Finding Nemo educated us about the ocean, and specifically within the ordinary world of a clown fish. A fact many may not know is that clown fish spend the first part of their lives as larvae(幼体), drifting with the current(洋流)of the ocean until they become strong enough to swim against it. Once they are powerful and strong, they head home in sheltered coral reefs. There is only one disadvantage-the fish cant physically see the reef, but they can hear it. The only problem is, if they cant hear it, will they ever make it home? Our anthropogenic ocean noise, such as cargo ships, ship and boat propellers, surfing, deep sea mining, etc. are causing destruction of marine life. According to Time, sound is the sensory signal that travels the farthest through the ocean. Anthropogenic noise drowns out the natural soundscapes, putting marine life under immense stress. Altogether, this stress then affects their general health, disturbs their behavior,physiology, reproduction and, in extreme cases, causes death. Marine life can adapt to noise pollution, however, only if they can escape it. This only renders further complications(困难,问题) of straying(使偏离)species from their traditional breeding regions or separating them from their families. Now, what if we told you there is already a solution? Multiple remedies,ideas and designs are currently in the works or already exist to get rid of and change the damage of anthropogenic ocean noise. As Time explains,from wind-powered ships to noise-reducing propellers(螺旋桨),floating wind turbines(风力发电机)and "bubble curtains" that muffle construction noise, the solutions are already available and in some cases, cost-effective(划算的). The authors of the paper hope it will catch the attention of policymakers, who historically speaking, have ignored the mater still to this day. Of all the challenges ocean creatures are battling, luckily sound pollution is the easiest compromise humans can make. Once the noise has decreased, marine life will be able to better manage everything else it is up against.4. What do we know about "Soundscape of the Anthropocene Oceans"? _ A. It analyses how sound travels in the ocean.B. It discusses different types of ocean pollution.C. It explores the effects of noise pollution on sea life.D. It studies how sea animals communicate with each other.5. Why did the author mention clown fish in paragraph 2? _ A. To present their life cycles.B. To show how terrible their living conditions are.C. To introduce a famous animation about the ocean world.D. To stress the importance of natural soundscapes to sea life.6. What does the underlined word "renders" probably mean in paragraph 3? _ A. Causes.B. Reduces.C. Reveals.D. Prevents.7. Which of the following solutions is already available according to paragraph 4? _ A. The management of ship traffic.B. The restriction of human activities.C. The adoption of noise control techniques.D. The application of relevant laws.CTropical rainforests are disappearing at an alarming rate, and according to a new report by Rainforest Foundation Norway, humans are to blame. The worlds dependence on coal, farming,soy,palm oil and mining has resulted in two-thirds of Earths tropical rainforests being completely destroyed, and the remaining ecosystems being put closer to a tipping point(临界点). Tropical rainforests once covered 14.5 million square kilometers of Earths surface,but now,just one-third of that remains intact. Of the original area tropical rainforests once occupied, 34% is completely gone and 30%is suffering from degradation. All that remains is roughly 9.5 million square kilometers, and 45% of that is in a degraded state, the report says. Researchers blame human consumption for the loss. While agriculture has always been a driving factor of rainforest loss,the report said that energy consumption,international trade and the production of soy and palm oil, logging and mining have been the largest threats over the past century. A significant number of U. S. commodities(商品)rely on resources from tropical rainforests. The country heavily relies on palm oil, rubber and cocoa, all of which come from forests around the world. Oftentimes, these resources are harvested from illegally deforested(砍伐森林)lands. Tropical rainforests are home to more than half of the Earths biodiversity and have more carbon in living organisms than any other ecosystem. Along with supporting significant animal life, tropical rainforests are also essential to slowing down global warming. "These highly specialized ecosystems are suffering from constant abuse, through our bottomless appetite for land and resources," said Anders Krogh,who authored the report. "We expect that upcoming UN climate and biodiversity summits provide specific targets and measures to protect intact tropical rainforests." The rescarchers also believe that the loss of tropical rainforests puts the whole world at risk of future pandemics(流行病). "Massive deforestation is violating natures natural virus protection systems." Krogh said. "The aftermath(后果)of COVID-19 should bring rainforest protection to the top of the agenda of all policy makers and world leaders concerned about preventing the outbreak of new pandemics."8. What is the purpose of the numbers in paragraph 2? _ A. To point out the threat to the current ecosystem.B. To exhibit the forest coverage rate on Earth.C. To present the process of rainforest degradation.D. To highlight the severe destruction of rainforests.9. Why did the author mention Americas dependence on rainforest resources? _ A. It displayed the richness of rainforest resources.B. It stressed the cffects of farming on tropical rainforests.C. It explained the relationship between humans and nature.D. It showed humans excessive consumption of rainforest resources.10. Which one will be affected by the decline of tropical rainforests according to paragraph 4? _ A. Human diet.B. Social structure.C. Global climate.D. Economic development.11. What does Krogh want to convey in the last paragraph? _ A. Rainforest protection demands immediate attention.B. Deforestation will affect the future generations.C. Rainforest loss has brought about new pandemics.D. Deforestation has accelerated the spread of the virus.DA few months ago,the economic analyst Noah Smith observed that scientific advance is like mining ore(采矿). You find a vein(矿脉)you think is promising. You take a risk and invest heavily. You explore it until it runs out. The problem has been that over the last few decades only a few veins have really been paying off and changing lives. In 2011,the economist Tyler Cowen published a prescient(有先见之明的)book. "The Great Stagnation," exploring why scientific advance was slowing down. Peter Thiel complained that we wanted flying cars,but we got some social media. But this technological lull(瓶颈)may be ending. Suddenly a lot of smart people are writing about many veins that look promising. The first and most obvious is vaccines. The amazing fact about Covid-19 vaccines is that Moderna scientists had designed the first one by Jan 13,2020

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