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    小学英语介词总结.doc

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    小学英语介词总结.doc

    小学英语介词总结介词(Preposition)一、 概述介词是英语中很活跃的词,一般置于名词之前。它常和名词或名词性词语构成介词短语。同一个介词常和不同的词语搭配形成固定搭配,表示不同意义。二、 常用介词的基本用法at 表示时间 I go to school at seven every day 我每天早上7点去上学。表示在某一具体地点 He is standing at the bus stop 他站在公共汽车站。表示动作的方向、目标 Let me have a look at the picture 让我看看这幅图。用于某些固定搭配 at once 立刻、马上 at last 最后 at the same time 同时 at first 开始时 not at all 一点也不 about 表示大约时间 Is about six oclock now. 现在大约6点钟了。表示地点;在周围 Everthing about me is so beautiful 我周围的一切都那么美好。 关于,对于 We are talking about the news. 我们正在谈论新闻。 after 在之后 After dinner I watch TV. 晚饭后我看电视。在后面 He came into the room after me. 他在我后面进了房间。 behind 在之后 There is a bike behind the tree. 树后有一辆自行车比晚,迟于 The train is behind time. 火车晚点了 by 在旁 He is sitting by the bed. 他正坐在床边。到时候 We have learned three English songs by now. 到现在为止,我们已经学会了三首英文歌曲。以方式 I go to school by bus. 我乘公共汽车去上学。用于某些固定搭配 one by one 一个接一个 by the way 顺便说一句 for 为,给,替 Ill make a card for my teacher. 我要给老师做张卡片。由于 Thank you for helping me. 谢谢你帮我。表示给(某人)用的 There is letter for you. 这儿有你一封信。 in 在里面 The pencil is in the desk. 铅笔在课桌里。在一段时间里 We have four classes in the morning. 我们上午有四节课。用,以 Whats this in English 这用英语怎么说在某一年份,季节,月份 in 2002, in spring, in January 表示状态,服饰 Helen is in yellow. 海伦身穿黄色衣服。在方面 He is weak in English. 他的英语不行。用于某些固定搭配 in front of 在前面 in the end 最后 in time 及时 like 像样 He looks like his father. 他像他的父亲。这样,那样 Dont look at me like that. 别那样看着我。怎样 Whats the weather like 天气怎样。 near 靠近,在附近 My bed is near the window. 我的床在窗户旁。 of 的(表示所属关系) This is a photo of my family. 这是一张我家的照片。的(用于所有格) He is a friend of mine. 他是我的一个朋友。表示数量(与连词连用) One of us is from Beijing. 我们中有一个来自北京想到,谈到 I often think of them. 我常常想到他们。用于某些固定搭配 of course 当然 because of 因为,由于 on 在上面 There are some apple on the tree. 树上有些苹果。在(星期)天,在某天的上午(下午,晚上) They go to English class on Sunday. 星期天他们去上英语课。 I left Beijing on the morning of May 1. 我在5月1日早上离开北京。用于某些固定搭配 on duty 值日 on time 准时 over 在正上方 There is a lamp over the table. 桌子上方有一盏灯。遍及,穿过 There is a bridge over the river. 有座桥横跨那条河。超过,不止 She is a little over 2. 她两岁多了。 to 到,往,向 He walks to the window. 他走向窗户。表示时间、数量, 到为止 Please count from ten to thirty. 请从10数到30.向,对,给 Happy New Year to you all. 大家新年好。 under Whats under your desk 你书桌底下是什么 with 和,写 Could you go home with me 你能和我一起回家吗表示伴随状态,带有 Whos that girl with glasses 那位戴眼睛的女孩是谁三、 介词的固定搭配1介词和名词的连用 2动词和介词的连用at arrive at/in 到达at first 起初;开始 get off 下车at last 最后 help sb. With sth. 帮组某人做某事at school 在上课,在上学 ask for 请求at the moment 此刻 get up 起床at home 在家;无拘束 laugh at 嘲笑at present 现在 learn from 向学习at work 上班,在工作 look after 照顾at the same time 同时 look for 寻找 think for 想到on worry about 担心on duty 值日 listen to 听on holiday 度假 look at 看;注视on time 准时 talk about 交谈;谈on the left/right 在左/右边 wait for 等候;等on the radio 在广播中 thank for 为而感谢on foot 步行 on sale 出售;降价出售 3形容词和介词连用on TV 在电视上播放 be afraid of 害怕on the phone 在电话中 be careful with 小心;关心on the way 在路上 be interested in 对感兴趣 be good at 善于in be proud of 感到自豪in all 总体 be crazy about 酷爱in class 在课堂上 be late for 干某事迟到in English 用英语 be good for 对有利in short 总之 4)其他in a hurry 匆忙地 by交通工具 in the end 最后 by bus/train/plane/air/ship/bike/sea/landin bed 躺在床上 lots of/a lot of 许多,大量in danger 在危险中 at most 至多in fact 事实上 at least 至少in time 及时地 at once 立刻;马上in a minute 立刻 in order to 为了介词练习A 1.___ the afternoon of May, we visited the old man. A. On B. At C. In 2.Many people work ___ the day and sleep ___ night. A. on ; at B. in ; in C. in ; at 3.He speaks Japanese best ____ the boy students. A. between B. with C. among 4.A wolf ___ a sheep skin is our dangerous enemy. A. with B. in C. on 5.Joan hopes to come back ___ three days. A. after B. for C. in 6.They sent the letter to me ___ mistake. A. by B. for C. with 7.He left home ___ a cold winter evening. A. at B. on C. in 8.Shanghai is ____ the east of China. A. in B. on C. to 9.____ my fathers help, I have finished my composition. A. Under B. On C. with 10.Hes very strict ____ himself and hes very strict ___ his work. A. with ; in B. in ; with C. with ; with 11.I really cant agree ____ you. A. to B. on C. with 12.The shop wont open ___ nine in the morning. A. until B. at C. during 13.How about ___ the flowers now A. watering B. are watering C. watered 14.She spent all his money ___ books. A. in B. with C. on 15.They are talking ___ low voices. A. with B. in C. on 16.Its very kind ___ you to help us. A. for B. to C. of 17.What will you have ___ breakfast this morning A. with B. for C. by 18.A plane is flying ____ the city. A. on B. over C. above 19.You are free to speak ___ the meeting. A. at B. in C. on 20.Mr. Green will stay in China___ Friday. A. to B. on C. till 21.Its wrong to play jokes ___ other people. A. on B. of C. with 22.Which color do you like I prefer blue ___ red. A. for B. as C. to 23.The student will give us a talk ___ how to use our spare time. A. for B. on C. in 24.I paid two hundred yuan ___ that kind of bicycle. A. in B. for C. on 25.The doctor is very kind ___ his patients A. to B. on C. at 26.We cant live ___ air. A. in B. with C. without 27.The child was afraid ___ the strange sound. A. at B. for C. of 28.He was very angry ___ her for being late. A. for B. with C. at 29.What do you think __ _ the play A. about B. like C. of 30.I think its the right way to work out the problem, but I am not sure _____ it. A. do B. about C. of 31.Reading ___ the sun isnt good _ __ you A. under ; for B. in ; for C. in ; to 32.I wont ask about it, Im going to see it ___ _ my own eyes. A. by B. for C. with 33.We go to school every day _ ___ Sunday. A. except B. without C. on 34.There is a small river ___ the two towns A. in B. between C. among 35.Li Lei sometimes falls asleep ___ the lesson. A. for B. through C. during 36.Mr. Black went to Paris ___ a few days. A. for B. in C. after 37.They will leave ________ London next month.A. to B. from C. for 38.Are you going to the zoo __ _ bus or ___ my carA. on ; by B. by ; in C. on ; in 39.He woke up several times _ __ the nightA. in B. at C. on 40. We traveled overnight to Paris and arrived _______ 5 oclock ______ the morning. A. on; in B. at; in C. at; on D. in; on 41. Wheres Lily We are all here _______ her. A. beside B. about C. except D. with 42. She sent her friend a postcard _______ a birthday present. A. on B. as C. for D. 43. Jack has studied Chinese in this school ______ the year of 2000.A. since B. in C. on D. by 44. ---What is a writing brush, do you know ---Its _______ writing and drawing.A. with B. to C. for D. by 45. English is widely used ______ travellers and business people all over the world.A. to B. for C. as D. by 46. _____ the help of my teacher, I caught up with the other students. A. Under B. In C. With D. On 47. Hong Kong is ______ the south of China, and Macao is ______ the west of Hong Kong. A. in; to B. to; to C. to; in D. in; in 48. ---Youd better not go out now. Its raining. ---It doesnt matter. My new coat can keep ______ rain. A. in B. of C. with D. off 49.There are many apples ___ the tree. A bird ___ the tree is picking an apple. A. in ; on B. on ; in C. in ; at 50. “Who are you going to play ____” “Grade Two.”A. about B. by C. againstB一、选用括号内恰当的介词填空。1.Whats this______at,on,inEnglish2.Christmas is______at,on,inthe 25th of December.3.The man______with, on, inblack is Su Hais father.4.He doesnt do well______ at,on,inPE.5.Look at those birds______ on,inthe tree.6.We are going to meet______ at,on,inthe bus stop at,on,inhalf past ten.7.Is there a cat______ under, behind, inthe door8.Helens writing paper is______ in, in front ofher computer.9.We live______ at,on,ina new house now.10.Does it often rain______ at,on,inspring there二、圈出下列句子中运用不恰当的介词,将正确的答案写在横线上。1.Jim is good in English and Maths. 2.How many students have their birthday on May 3.They are talking to their plans. 4.The films were in the ground just now. 5.Womens Day is at the third of March. 6.I usually take photos in Sunday morning. 7.What did you do on the Spring Festival 8.Can you come and help me on my English 9.Did you water trees at the farm 10.I can jog to school on the morning. C1 the first day ________ school 2 ________ the school playground 3 _________ classes 4 _________ Wednesday 5 __________ a farm 6 pull _________ carrots7 a lot _______ fruit trees 8 live _________ a town 9 ________ the weekends12 look _______ them10 _________ the sitting room 11 ________ the 4th ______ November 13 _________ the playground 14 _______ the school hall 15 ________ New Year16 talk _______ his students _______ holidays 17 _________ Christmas Day18 have a big lunch _________ my family 19 dress _______ _________ costumes24 __________ Mum and Dad.20 _________ September or October 21 ________ his grandpas house22 _________ the Christmas tree 23 ________ me 30 a book ________ holidays25 _________ English 26 ________ Christmas 27 play ________ lanterns28 ________ Christmas Day 29 the names _______ the day参考答案AACCBCABACACAACBCBCACACBBACCBCBBCABCACBABCBACDCADBC1. in-at2. on-in3. to-about4. in-on5. at-on6. in-on7. on-at8. on-with9. at-in10. on-in答案B1. in2. on3. in4. in5. on6. at at7. behind8. in front of9. in10. in答案C1 the first day of school 2inthe school playground 3 inclasses 4on Wednesday 5ona farm 6 pull up carrots7 a lot of fruit trees 8 live in a town 9 atthe weekends10 in the sitting room 11 onthe 4th of November 12 look at them 13 in the playground 15 on New Year16 talk with his students in holidays 17 on Christmas Day18 have a big lunch with my family 19 dress up in costumes20 in September or October 21 in his grandpas house8

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